Reliability & Innovation - crucial in High Pressure Pump Design
posted by: Lee Derbyshire, Engineering Manager at RMI Pressure Systems
The use of high pressure pumps, up to 1,000 bar, is seen in a variety of industries. In cases where production losses during unplanned downtime can be astronomical, reliability is crucial. OE manufacturer innovation is therefore essential in order to reduce costs associated with maintenance and operation.
Lee Derbyshire, Engineering Manager at RMI Pressure Systems, offers an insight into the design of the latest Quinmax S500 pumping system.
The S500 is designed such that all the working parts are totally enclosed, enabling it to operate in dust laden and other hazardous atmospheres. The use of the highest quality materials ensures that the final product will provide continuous, reliable performance.
This has been proven in the field by pumps which have been delivered into critical applications, such as mining roof support systems. Having completed a year long field trial in 2011, the Quinmax S500 high pressure pumping system was awarded full acceptance for applications above and below surface from UK Coal Ltd. Due to its increased flow rate and reliability record, UK Coal was able to run an entire face of a longwall mine with a single pump and save approximately £24,000 in energy costs at the same time.
The S500 pump is the latest addition to the S-Series of crankshaft driven reciprocating pumps from RMI. Unlike the more traditional 3 plunger design, the S500 features a five piston crankshaft which allows it to pump higher flow rates (340 – 1080Ltr/min) at greater pressure (190 – 500Bar) with reduced loads on the shaft and bearings for greater periods before maintenance is required. The range is driven by 300 – 450kW motors and features ram diameters spanning 50mm to 80mm.
Overall the pump features a smoother pressure profile which reduces the impact of surges on other critical items of equipment within the system - such as hoses and valves - which means that the entire system offers increased reliability. However, despite RMI’s 98% reliability record, unforeseen problems can still occur. Fortunately the S500 features a modular design which means that spare parts are readily available and easy to install, reducing maintenance costs.
The S500’s crankshaft is manufactured from high tensile steel using advanced machining and drilling techniques for maximum durability. Reliability is further enhanced thanks to precision ground gears, lead bronze big and small end bearings, stainless steel stuffing boxes and solid ceramic plungers with Kevlar seal packing. A selection of digital and analogue readouts are included for easy monitoring of internal pressures, temperatures, lube levels etc.
In addition, to make it suitable for use within the oil & gas environment, the entire system can be designed to be intrinsically safe; meeting Class I, Div II classification for both offshore and onshore use. The design of the pumping system enables the units to operate in hazardous conditions without modification. However, to meet the intrinsically safe specification, several modifications can be specified including the installation of a nitrogen purge system for the Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) and various explosion-proof fittings.
Many pump designs operate a bypass system where the system pressure actually increases due to the reduced flow. This can lead to increased wear in both the pump and the pipework. The range of Quinmax industrial pumps is tailored to each application. In the case of descaling plants, the pumps can be equipped with the Stored Energy Offloading System, which gives the stop-go capability required for this industry. The unloading system is a soft action solenoid control system which allows the pump to run without generating further pressure. The pump continues to idle in a pressurised standby condition so that it can quickly and efficiently return to the pressure and flow settings dictated by the grade of steel which is passing through the descaling plant.
Many of the more recent systems that RMI has designed have been supplied using the very latest On Demand Intelligent control system (ODIN). Working closely with the client to understand the varying demands for flow and pressure is critical to achieving the maximum reduction in energy usage from the pump station. Traditionally, in a steel rolling mill, the mill stand pumps are selected to cater for the design flow rate required for the maximum coil, billet, bloom or slab size. However, during operation the mill will produce various sizes and differing material specifications, all of which have a direct correlation to the actual flow and pressure required.
As part of the specification process, RMI assesses the various control methods and calculates a whole-life-cost, including original supply, servicing and running costs. In some cases, where variable speed pumps have been specified for applications such as heavy presses and steel pipe de-scaling systems, the calculated payback period or ROI has been less than two years.
Overall the pump features a smoother pressure profile which reduces the impact of surges on other critical items of equipment within the system - such as hoses and valves - which means that the entire system offers increased reliability.
The entire system can be designed to be intrinsically safe; meeting Class I, Div II classification for both offshore and onshore use. The design of the pumping system enables the units to operate in hazardous conditions without modification.
Contact Details and Archive...