Moore’s Law is an observation of historical trends in computing that posits that computing power will double every two years. Gordon Moore first made this observation in 1965 and from that point until today (and likely the foreseeable future), Moore’s Law continues to prove itself true. While the observation generally only considers the number of transistors in an integrated circuit, making smaller computer chips is only one step in being able to create smaller and more reliable technology. There are many other components that need to be adapted in order for technology to grow and change at this pace. Nowhere is this truer than the cable and wires that are found in most modern technological devices. Technology in the medical fieldThe medical field is one of the industries that is benefiting the most from the tech boom and every year there is new technology being developed to help people and save lives. It is important to note that progress could not have been made without advancements in signalling, control, and power system interconnect components, which includes wires and cables. Custom medical cables are becoming more important as technology continues to evolve. This article will break down some of the common cable and wire types that can be found in most current medical technology, such as:- Display screens for all purposes- Diagnosis equipment, including EKG and MRI- Front-end administration computers- Portable patient devices- Electronic laboratory equipment- Hospital communication systemsFlat flexible cables (FFC)Flat flexible cables are extremely thin, flat cables found in high-density electronics. Devices such as modern televisions, smartphones, and tablets all utilise FFCs in order to stay thin and compact, as well as keep them lightweight. They are highly flexible, easy to fold, and provide a strong and reliable connection between device components. Custom FFC cable is an increasingly popular and necessary type of cable in a world where technology is getting smaller and more compact.Flexible printed circuit (FPC)Flexible printed circuits (FPC) are similar to flat flexible cables in that they are extremely thin and are found in devices that require tightly assembled electronic packages, such as cameras. The greatest advantage of flexible printed circuits is that they allow the replacement of rigid boards or connectors that take up way more space and cannot be used in foldable technology, such as foldable cell phones. Another benefit of the thin design is being able to stack multiple FPCs on top of each other. Micro-coaxial cablesCables with a multi-layered structure with a centre conductor covered with an insulator layer along with an outer conductor and jacket are called coaxial cables. The coaxial cable outer conductor plays the role of electromagnetic shield, so the electrical signal transmitted through the centre conductor is less susceptible to electromagnetic waves (electromagnetic noise) from the outside. Micro-coaxial cable is widely used for signal transmission between module boards inside devices such as PCs, tablets and smartphones.LVDS cablesLow-Voltage Differential Signalling (LVDS) is a technology addressing the needs of today’s high performance data transmission applications. LVDS uses high-speed analog circuit techniques to provide multi gigabit data transfers on copper interconnects and is a generic interface standard for high-speed data transmission. Any device that is used for communication, including medical devices in hospitals, will likely use LVDS cables in their design.DF9 cablesA DF9 cable is soldered and moulded to laminated flat flexible cable and is typically used for board-to-flat panel display connections. DF9 cables are narrow, save space, and create a low profile with devices. They provide a reliable connection and are easy to fold and highly flexible. DF9 cables are frequently found in hospital video displays, monitors, and HD displays.The future of cables in the medical industryTechnology will continue to become more powerful as it gets smaller. The future of cables and wires will go hand in hand with other advancements in technology within the medical space. For the moment, these cables and wires are the top of the line designs you will find in most technology used by medical professionals.
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